The consequence is that it is possible for us to predict at an early age the range within which the mature development of the child is likely to fall. Since various aspects of growth are interrelated, parents and teachers should pay attention to all aspects. With growth, there is an increase of experiences and these produce more and more complex emotional reactions to more and more complicated situations. Once he has reached this maturity, he starts walking, as it were all of a sudden. It aims at the fullest possible realisation of all the potentialities of children. During a human’s early years, his growth rate is at its peak. The child struggles against these in his striving toward maturity. Another feature of human development is its struggle. Developmental psychologists have also observed that each developmental phase has certain traits characteristic if it, that it has certain undesirable forms of behaviour which are usually found at that age and which are outgrown as the individual passes into the next stage, and that every individual normally passes through each stage of development. Before a child develops the ability to walk, the muscles of his legs must reach a certain degree of maturity. The younger the child, the simpler the emotions. The baby’s digestive tract not only grows in size, but also changes in structure, permitting digestion of more complex foods and increasing its efficiency in converting foods into simpler forms which the body can use. Then there could be a reason why most children feel pain in the stomach when growing. This is not, however to minimise the importance of learning or environmental influences on the growth or development. Rote memory and memory for concrete objects and facts develop more quickly than memory for abstract and theoretical materials. The process of development is also characterised by anticipation, in that it is also geared to the needs of the future, by the capacity for self-repair by the developmental revision of habits, by the persistence of archaic behaviour trends and by its quality of ‘becoming’ its dynamic rather static nature, made so by the changes that occur in the individual at every step. (vii) Growth is complex. It is not directly dependent on the child’s experience, but is stimulated and influenced to some degree by the different environmental factors with which he comes in contact. With good physical growth, a child can be more sociable with other people, too. When a child wants something, he uses his whole hand to point at the thing he wants. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Gradually, his fear becomes specific. For example, it is wrong to expect a primary school child to appreciate abstract concepts and theories. Mental defectives tend to be smaller in stature than the normal child. For example, the cephalocaudal sequence is a pattern of development. This includes their growth and development as interesting areas of this topic. As a child develops, he is being affected by his environment, nutrition, peers, and even his genes. It is a continuous process. Again, there is a close relationship between his total adjustment to school and his emotions, his physical health and his intellectual adequacy. The principles of development have highlighted the importance of “individual differences” from one child to the other and from one stage to another. (viii) Growth is a product of the interaction both heredity and environment: Neither heredity alone, nor the mere environment is the potent factor in the development of an individual. 1. This can explain the awkwardness, clumsiness and self-consciousness characteristic of this period. This is very different than considering individual emotions and goals, as is done in most personal development training and therapy. Growth vs Development in Psychology “Psychology” is defined as “the scientific study of the mind and behavior.” In this discipline, it also covers the growth and development of human beings. Welcome to PsychologyDiscussion.net! If they do so, they will only cause frustrations, heighten tension and nervousness in children. The two work hand in hand from the very conceptions. An emotional disturbance may contribute to difficulties in eating or sleeping. The environment bears upon the new organism from the beginning. Improved functioning implies certain qualitative changes leading to maturity. A baby learns how to move his head first before he can walk. Similarly, creative imagination develops rapidly during childhood; it seems to reach its peak during youth. Differences in special aptitudes seem to be the most marked of all. Development is functional. Actually he makes advancement, during a particular period but takes rest in the next following period to consolidate his development. 2. Development occurs without growth. The process of development has been studied experimentally and otherwise. According to him growth carries a more dynamic connotation which organically ties the present with past and directs it towards the future; it places an emphasis on the total economy of the individual. This new-born infant moves his whole body at one time instead of moving only one part of it. 5. It is self explanatory. But it may be noted that all types of development, particularly mental development, cannot be predicted with the same degree of accuracy. (iii) Development is a continuous process: Development does not occur in spurts. Because the number of words a baby can say begins with 0 and the numbers represent the actual count (amount) of the variable. The head is actually one-fourth of the body’s length in babies. It is definitely indicated in various studies that the differences in physical structure are less than the differences in intellectual capacity. The child is interested in himself first before he can develop interest in other children. Adolescence is marked by the most rapid development of the genital systems and of certain definite social interests and emotional capacities which is not so in other stage of development. Learning implies exercise and experience on the individual’s part, the child’s own activities. Many aspects of development can only be measured at the ordinal level (eg. Traits potentially present will not develop to their maximum without effort (learning). Been my first time to study this subject. 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